Hedgehogs can be found in most parts of Britain in both urban and rural areas, thriving around hedges, woods and fields. It is in these areas the hedgehog will build its nest, forage for invertebrates and breed.
Gardens may provide a suitable habitat for hedgehogs too. A good supply of natural and supplementary food, as well as potential nest sites will make a suitable home for a hedgehog - but remember, hedgehogs aren't territorial so may not settle for long. Hedgehogs also need holes in garden boundaries so they can get out and roam in order for gardens to be a suitable habitat. Find out more about how to make your garden more hedgehog friendly here.
A purpose-built hedgehog house may encourage hedgehogs into your garden. We sell hedgehog houses for £25 or you could even make your own - more on that here!
If you are interested in purchasing a hedgehog house please call us on 01934 889182
THE HEDGEHOG CALENDAR
Hedgehogs come out of hibernation in March-April, and are usually very thin from lack of nutrition and need of food and water. To help hedgehogs coming out of hibernation, leave out a bowl of water and some dog or cat food for them. Find out more about how you can help hedgehogs here.
Hedgehogs also tend to mate in Spring and the first urchins (baby hedgehogs) will be appearing in May.
In the summer months there should be plenty of invertebrates around for hedgehogs to feed on.
In particularly dry summers, hedgehogs may be in need of water which you can leave out for them in a shallow bowl.
In preparation for hibernation, during autumn hedgehogs start to eat as much as they can to increase their bodyweight. Leaving out supplementary food can help with this.
Hedgehogs start building a hibernaculum (a large nest made of dry leaves, moss and grass).
Larger hedgehogs start to hibernate in autumn but smaller ones may need more time to feed.
During winter hedgehogs hibernate. They reduce their body temperature to about 2°C to conserve energy, but still lose around one third of their bodyweight.
It is common for hedgehogs to top up on food during hibernation - supplementary food can help with this as there are fewer invertebrates around.
Hedgehogs feed on bugs and grubs, so you can help feed them by introducing more insects into your garden, find out more about this here.
The bugs hedgehogs eat changes depending on the time of year and what insects are around, but the most important bugs in the hedgehog diet are worms, beetles, slugs, caterpillars, earwigs and millipedes.
If they can find them, hedgehogs will also eat frogs, small rodents and bird eggs.
Hedgehogs can become ill if they eat a slug which has come into contact with slug poison.
Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant so never give them milk.
hedgehogs are called boars and females are called sows
Hedgehogs usually live for 4-7 years, though some have been recorded up to 16 years old
Tens of thousands of hedgehogs are killed by road traffic each year
Hedgehogs have around 7,000 spines which are made out of keratin, just like fingernails
Hedgehogs are nocturnal
Hedgehogs numbers have fallen 98% since the 50s
Hedgehogs shed their baby spines and replace them with adult spines in a process called quilling
Hedgehogs are solitary animals and only come together to mate. A mother hedgehog will stay with her young for 8-12 weeks before leaving them